Finland Travel Guide
Here you find all you need to know about Finland also called ´the land of 1000 lakes´.
There are 187.880 lakes in Finland. Each region in Finland has its distinct character which invites to all kind of activities and adventures. From the wilds of Lapland in the north to the magical Lakeland in the east and the archipelagos in the South West area. Finland is has a border to Sweden, Norway and Russia and Finnish Lapland is a part of the Arctic region.
You can also find the home of Santa Claus in Finland, in the town Rovaniemi. The capital in Finland is Helsinki.
What characterises Finland and its unprecedented nature
The Republic of Finland is a flat country occupied mostly by forests which cover 70% of the land area, and lakes cover 10%. The Finnish landscape is then dominated by lakes and forests, but there is a big difference between the Southern and Western coast where you find the unique archipelago to the North where you are in the Arctic region and can explore both the Northern Lights and the Midnight Sun.
So if you are fund on nature and natural experiences - Finland is one of the best places to visit.
Finland the happiest country in the world
Finland is ranked as the happiest country in the world (the 2019 World Happiness Report).
Finland (Suomi in Finnish) has only been an independent country since 1918. Before it belonged to Russia or Sweden. Finland was remaining mostly agrarian country until the 1950s. It rapidly developed an advanced economy while building an extensive Nordic-style welfare state as in the other Nordic countries. Finland and the Finnish way of life have been influenced by both the East and the West and today is a republic.
Finland is the EU's fifth-largest country, and one-fourth of Finland's inhabitants live in capital Helsinki in the south of Finland.
Finland joined the European Union in 1995 and Finland is so far the only Nordic country to have joined the Eurozone.
Finland has two different official languages with both Finnish and Swedish and Finnish is spoken by 91 per cent of the population and 5 per cent speak Swedish. Most of the Finnish people speak English and many also German.
Weather in Finland
The Summer in Finland can be warm and mild with July as the warmest month. The winter is cold. In Finnish Lapland, you can find snow 3 months and February is the coldest month but also the driest.
In Finland, the air is pure and very clean all year and Helsinki, Finland’s capital ranks in the top 10 cities with the cleanest air in the world.
Sauna and wellness is very popular in Finland
The Finnish Sauna is an important piece of the country’s heritage, with over 2 million saunas in Finland – approximately one per households.
This old Finnish proverb shows how serious Finns take this national institution. Sauna is a huge deal and a favourite topic for the Finns
Almost everyone in Finland has access to a sauna, most commonly at home with family. Finland has as many as two-three million saunas shared among the country’s 5.4 million inhabitants
Saunas have also existed in other cultures, but it is in Finland that they have become entwined in the national culture.
Traditional saunas are heated by wood. The latter – a smoke-sauna – is the original sauna and believed by most Finns to be the best.
Saunas used to be at the centre of every aspect of people’s lives in Finland. For earlier generations, they were the only place to wash.
Earlier they were also used to smoke fish and meat, washcloths, and dry linen.” Life used to begin and end with a sauna. Today people see saunas as a place to relax, both physically and mentally
In the summertime, the Finns use a “vihta” – a bunch of birch branches which they dip in water and with which they gently flagellate themselves, and it stimulates the circulation and gives fresh aroma.
If you want to take the initiative yourself, almost all hotels have good saunas, though mostly heated by electricity.
Lapland - a very special region in Finland
The Lapland area is in the three Nordic countries, Norway, Sweden, and Finland. It is easy to travel across the borders and covered an area from the Arctic Circle in the south to the Arctic Ocean in the north and Finland; it occupies 30% of the land area.
The inhabitants of Lapland, the Sami, are a minority with barely 6% of the population. When you travel across Lapland, you can be lucky to see Sami in their brightly coloured traditional dress, especially if you visit a festival.