Longyearbyen is the northernmost town in the world, with around 2,400 people living there permanently.

Longyearbyen is isolated on the polar archipelago of Svalbard at 78 degrees north

Longyearbyen is situated on the island of Spitsbergen. The town is Svalbard's largest settlement and administrative centre, an archipelago located in the Arctic Ocean between Norway and the Northpole. Spitsbergen is the largest island in the archipelago.

The town was named after the American polar explorer, explorer, and businessman John Munro Longyear, who established a coal mining company there in 1906.

The town is in a harsh Arctic climate and arctic region.